Seven Days Battle - 1862
Daily Dispatch - July 2, 1862 Accounts of Malvern Hill
Daily Dispatch :
Wednesday, July 2, 1862
by Cowardin & Hammersley.
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Wednesday morning...July 2, 1862.
The great battle.
a Nother severe fight on Monday.
the enemy again routed!
the gallant Major Wheat.
&c., &c., &c.
We continue in our issue of this morning such matters as we have been enabled to collate, connected with the brilliant exploit of the Confederate army around Richmond. History has no record of such a succession of triumphs as has been vouchsafed to the arms of the South in these desperate and deadly encounters. Throughout all time they must stand without parallel in the manuals of warfare, and will give to the Southern character a position for cool intrepidity, daring valor, and persistent endurance, that would have been creditable to the Roman Legion or the Old Otfard of Napoleon. For six days have they wrested with the storm of battle with the most unflinching fortitude, and in every contest have wrenched from the hands of the unwilling Northmen the meed of victory.
On Monday, about 10 o'clock A. M., there was an artillery dual between Mott's celebrated Federal battery and the batteries attached to Gen. D. H. Hill's division. Both occupied commanding positions on opposite sides of a creek. In the course of on opposite sides of a creek. In the course of an hour the enemy were repulsed, leaving three of their fine guns on the field. Skirmishers were then advanced beyond the creek. The cavalry followed, and on reaching the other side went forward in advance and took position on the hill on which Mott's battery had been stationed. Discovering the enemy in force to their right, and batteries being placed in position behind some houses, the cavalry fell back across the stream. After a short time the Yankee batteries opened again from the same position, our batteries replying, and the fight continued till night. At dark, a fatigue party was detailed to repair the bridge, the enemy continuing to throw canister and shell across the bridge till after midnight, preventing the fatigue party from accomplishing anything.
About 2 o'clock, A. M. the enemy retired, having succeeded in carrying off two of the pieces of Mott's battery which had been previously captured by our troops, but which had not been removed, from the fact that there was no bridge, and the infantry could not be carried over.
One fine Parrott gun fell into our hands, and a number of horsed and mules, some with artillery harness on. The houses behind which the Federal imperious had been placed were found, upon examination, to less perforated with our shot, evidently shown, that the enemy had lost heavily at their batteries. In the morning the bridge was speedily repaired, and the forces of Hill and Jackson were again in pursuit of the foe. The result of the first dash was a prize of 200 prisoners. This does not include either the sick or wounded in the hospital which here fell into our possession. It was thought that by the energy of Jackson and Hill, acting in unity with Longstreet and Magruder, at least the whole rear guard of the "grand army" would be captured by nightfall of yesterday.
On Monday afternoon a severe fight came off near the intersection of the Darbytown and Charles City roads. About four o'clock, the division of Gen. Longstreet came up with the enemy at that point who were in strong force and position, and a battle, farce and desperate, ensued. The enemy are represented to have resisted the valorous onsets of our troops with more desperate determination and greater bravery than in any other of the series of engagements which have occurred since the opening of the grand ball on Thursday. Their pieces were admirably served, and during the whole engagement while insisted from 4 o'clock until 9, they struggled with the energy of desperation. So fierce was the fire of their artillery and small arms, that three successive attempts were made by our forces before the enemy were finally dislodged from their position. Around their pieces a severe hand-to-hand fight occurred, and they were only driven back at the point of the bayonet by the resistless charges of our Southern soldiery. Our artillery ammunition having been exhausted immediately after their entrenchments were carried, prevented the rout from being a complete one.
Our troops, fatigued and worn down by hard marching and heavy fighting, remained during the night in the captured entrenchments, from whence they renewed the pursuit of the retreating foe at day dawn, yesterday morning.
The losses on both sides in this battle were very heavy. An eye-witness informs us that the field was literally strewn with the dead and wounded of the contending parties.
Hard as was the struggle, and heavy as our loss unquestionably was, the victory rested with our troops, and adds another to the series of brilliant successes that have crowned the Confederate arms around Richmond.
The numbers killed and wounded in this fight are variously estimated — some estimates placing our Josses high as 1,500, and the loss of the enemy at from 5,000 to 7,000. These figures seem almost incredible, but that the loss is very great, as we have already stated, cannot be denied.
The fighting was renewed again in the early part of the day yesterday, and continued almost without intermission until late in the evening. Up to 2 o'clock P. M., our forces had pressed the enemy back a distance of over five miles, and were pouring into their rear guard a most fatal and destructive fire.--Their ranks were being terribly thinned, but still they maintained their organization, and were covering the retreat of their Grand Army with commendable zeal. Such seems to be the discipline or desperation of their forces that it is scarcely possible to effect a complete rout. Whatever may have been the conclusions arrived at on account of their successive defeats for the first two or three days of this long and bloody conflict, they are certainly now contesting the ground with an earnestness that betokens either thorough discipline or utter desperation. But their prestige is gone, and though many of their numbers may succeed in making their escape, the whole North must feel and acknowledge the mortification of a crushing and overwhelming defeat.
It was impossible for us to learn the entire results of yesterday's operations. We can only assure our readers that they are not less successful than have been the previous efforts of our brave troops and that night closed with the Union forces still retreating, and our own steadily and surely "pressing them to the wall." The supposition still is that they are endeavoring to force their way to James river, and that their only hope is that transports will be in readiness to receive at least a portion of their army. Taking this view of the case, thousands of them are likely to leave their bones to bleach on the bill sides and low lands of Virginia. Large numbers will doubtless find their way to Richmond, to be fed and fattened at the expense of the Government whose subjugation they have sought to accomplish. One hundred and fifty Yankee prisoners, mostly Pennsylvanians, of Franklin's division, which brings up the rear of the Federal forces, were captured yesterday morning a little after sunrise, and brought to this city under charge of Captain William F. Plane, of the 6th Georgia regiment. Among the prisoners are several officers. A dispatch fell into the hands of General Hill, from Gen. Kearney, which seems to have been addressed to Gen. Franklin, requesting him to send two brigades instantly to his relief, to assist in repelling Magruder. Franklin's position had been on the stream, immediately opposite Gen. Hill, and the courier coming forward with the dispatch, and seeing the same guns in position, rode down the hill and was captured by a private in the 12th Alabama regiment. His horse is now sodden by Capt. Plane, who had previously less his own. We learn that so far from being broken down or depressed is spirits by the terrible hardships of the last few days our troops are in better spirits and more eager for the fray than ever.
At 11 o'clock last night we received from the battle field the following additional particulars of the operations yesterday and day before.
Fight at Frazer's farm.
Our forces having pursued the enemy during Sunday and part of Monday, came up with the main body at Frazer's farm, about fifteen miles from the city. Generals Longstreet and A. P. Hill were advancing to the right, and Gen. Huger by our left, when about three o'clock on Monday our scouts announced that the foe were in strong force in camp, and all things prepared to receive us. Pushing forward on the Darbytown (Charles City) road to the right, it seemed to be evidently a part of the plan that Huger's advance on the left should be made simultaneously.
About 3 P. M. Longstreet advanced upon the enemy and drove in their dense body of skirmishers, supported as they were by a large force of artillery. Huger did not arrive in time, for it was reported be had been engaged with the enemy, and consequently delayed. Our attack on the right proved eminently successful, and after much hard fighting our troops found themselves in the enemy's camp, facing the whole division of Sumner's Hooker, and Kearney, supported to the right and left of the road by not less than thirty pieces of artillery. Fronting and in the midst of the camp, also, artillery was stationed, and maintained a very heavy fire upon our advance, but when our infantry had ensconced themselves in the edge of the timber to the left of the enemy, their fire was so destructive that the Federal immediately began to fall back. Our artillery and particularly the Maryland company, worked their pieces so fast and accurately, that every horse of the foe was slaughtered and their artillery stationary.--When the infantry and artillery simultaneously advanced upon the enemy's massacre carnage proved frightful the Federal rushing from the field into the woods in the greatest confusion. Their Generals did everything possible to retrieve their losses, but the men could not be prevailed upon to stand; hence, in the wildest manner, they threw away arms and accoutrements, abandoning to our hands not less than seventeen fine field pieces, hundreds of small arms and stores.
It is reported that during the fight Gen. Hocker was killed on the field, Gen. Kearney wounded, and Gen. Sumner taken prisoner. Their whole loss is estimated at 5,000, killed, wounded, and prisoners. Our casualties are not yet known, but it is asserted by competent authority that it will not amount to more than one-tenth that of the enemy. From all accounts, we are compelled to say that both infantry and artillery behaved as they always do — magnificently; the Federal artillery being assailed by our men with such fury that they were unable to endure the fire. Those brigades of Longstreet's division (Wilcox's, Pryor's and Featherstone's, &c.,) maintained their reputation, and added to the laurels won on many fields, of glory.--Among the brigades which were present or participated in the fight, we may mention Pender's, Archer's, Fields, and Branch's. Of Gen. Huger's engagement in the morning, and which delayed his junction with Longstreet, we have not as yet a certained anything definite.
Tuesday Afternoon.--There has been a terrific fight progressing since morn, about one and a half miles from Frazer's house. The enemy are making a determined stand here — being supported by numerous batteries, posted in very strong positions, and of formidable character. Our men are succeeding inch by inch in driving the enemy from all ports. This is the hardest engagement that has yet occurred, and must have great results. The loss on both sides must prove fearful. Longstreet Hill, McLaws, Magruder, and others, are holly engaged, and it is expected that by 8 P. M. the enemy will have been entirely routed. The greatest enthusiasm prevails, and shells are flying in all directions over the country for miles.
This gallant brigade was engaged again on Monday evening, as we learn from a member of the 18th, Colonel Withers's regiment. It behaved with more than its usual gallantry. We have not been able to understand the exact number of wounded and killed in either the 8th, 18th, 19th, or 28th regiments composing it; but our informant, who is a member of the 18th, represents it as necessarily very large. Among the wounded is Adjutant McCulloch of the 18th, who has distinguished himself without being injured on the fields of Manassas, Williamsburg, the 1st of June, on Friday last, and seemed to bear a charmed life. He fell wounded most painfully in the arm. So cut up is this regiment by the four battles in which it has been engaged that it is now commanded by Captain Holland, of the Danville Blues, the second ranking captain in the regiment.
Col. R. E. Withers.
The many friends of this gallant officer will be glad to learn that well-grounded hopes of his recovery are entertained. He received three wounds--two of them slight, and the other, which had been considered fatal — in the breast. A gallant soldier and upright gentleman, his less would be most seriously felt. God grant that he may recover, and, should this wicked war continue, be able again to give his courage and talent to the cause of justice and true patriotism.
We learn that this cool and Christian officer, upon whom devolved the command of the 18th Virginia regiment, after the fall of Col. Withers, received so severe a wound that amputation of his leg was made above the knee. He is now at the American Hotel, and bears his sufferings with the courage of a soldier and the submissive fortitude of a Christian who feels that he had discharged his duty.
Death of a gallant officer.
Among the many gallant soldiers whose spirits winged their flights upward in the fierce contest which ensued between the patriot and the abolition forces on Monday evening on the Charles City road, the memory of none will be cherished wish more fond regret by those who knew him while living than that of Joseph V. Scott, Lieutenant Colonel of the 3d Regiment Virginia Infantry, who was struck by a shell and instantly killed on that memorable occasion, while gallantly leading his men in a charge on a battery of the enemy. Col Scott was for many years Captain of the Petersburg Grays, but at the opening of the war was made a Major in the State service, subsequently being promoted to the Lieutenant-Colonelcy of the 3d Virginia Regiment, Pryor's Brigade. He acted with conspicuous gallantry at the battle of Williamsburg. In social life he was genial, high toned and generous; as a soldier, brave even to indifference toward danger, and was the idol of his men.--His memory will long be cherished by those who knew him, and they were many. Peace to the ashes of the gallant dead.
Major Chatham Roburdeau Wheat.
This brave soldier has met a soldier's death, facing the foe gallantly on the battle field. Commanding the advance at the battle of Manassas, he, with a soldier's eye, saw the imperative necessity of checking the advancing foe until the Confederates had formed a line of battle in his rear. For an hour did his gallant little command resist the enemy's thousands, as regiment after regiment was brought forward to annihilate it. Major Wheat, calling loudly for supports, fell desperately wounded, and his diminished band fell back, leaving the disputed ground covered with the enemy's dead. This conduct elicited from Gen. Beauregard, in his official dispatch, this sentence: that "it was a proud boast to being to that hand who fought the first hour at the battle of Manassas." For his distinguished gallantry, he was promised the La Zouave Battalion, then stationed on the Peninsula. This promise had not been carried out, and the gallant Wheat died as he lived, a "Major." Although shot through the lungs, the period of two short months saw him at the head of his men on the tented field. The hardships of the bivouac, the rains and snows of a dreary winter, did not cast a damper on his buoyant spirits. Officers and men emulated the example of the chief they loved so well.--At length war's clarion again burst forth on the car and, responding to the call, Wheat's sabre flashed in the Valley by the side of the heroic Jackson, and in eight engagements the fame of "Wheat's Battalion" was the themes of every tongue. At the final struggle of Port Republic, when "Ringold's celebrated battery" was captured by the "Louisiana Brigade," Wheat's sonorous voice was heard rising high above the crash of the conflict, his form seemed to dilate, and his eye to flash fire as the earth rang with the "earthquake shout of victory." With eighty-five men (the relies of his once proud corps) he again rushed on danger and doom on Friday evening last in front of our Capital. Struck by a rifle bullet in the head, as he rolled from his horse he called out to his men, with unusual emphasis, "Bury me on the field of battle, my boys," and the next moment lay on the bloody field a mangled corpse.
"Ah, well may a chill, like the darkness of death,
Now oppress your light hearts, who had trod in his steps;
For soon that their bulwark of strength was laid low.
You might mark the sad blight on each fierce spirit glow."
Thus fell the brave, the beloved, and the noble Major C. R. Wheat.
"On plant o'er that sleeper the laurel of fame;
In the action's old archives enroll his proud name;
And while memory loves on those chieftains to dwell,
In that era of warfare who fought and who fell,
Be his over breathed when you speak of the slain,
For no braver heart sleeps neath the battle's red
The wounded committee.
The zeal and self-sacrificing devotion of the "Committee for our Wounded," is worthy of the highest commendation. Day and night have they labored assiduously to promote the welfare and alleviate the sufferings of our brave, but unfortunate wounded. From the beginning of the fight their exertions have been untiring, and doubtless many a valuable life has been spared by their timely attention.
By the bedside of the wounded, at all hours, are to be found the ladies of Richmond, soothing the pains and ministering to the wants of our suffering heroes. With patriotic devotion they have given themselves to this labor of affection, and the tender care and gentle kindness of these angels of mercy contribute materially to the relief of those who have fallen by the hands of the foe. The ladies of this city will ever be gratefully remembered by the gallant spirits from every State who have had occasion to occupy the hospitals of Richmond.
About four hundred captured Yankees were brought into this city yesterday. Among the number was Major General George A. McCall, U. S. A. the next in command to McClellan. This officer on his arrival, was conducted before General Winder, and paroled to stay within the limits embraced in the area covered by the Spotswood House. It is understood that he will continue there till the quarters now being prepared on 18th street are ready for the reception of all the abolition officers. We are not specially advised as to the circumstances attending his capture, but it is understood that he rode unconsciously into the line of our pickets at an early hour on Monday morning, and was immediately seized by them. Among the prisoners brought in yesterday were the following officers:
H S Lucas, 1st Lieutenant Co. C, 1st Pa.
F E Harrison, 2d Lieut 30th Pa.
W Hine, Capt. Toph. Engineers, U. S. A.
J A Stiles, Adjutant 20th Indiana.
Geo W. Miller, 1st Lieut Co. H, 8th Pa.
Wm Riddle, 2d Lieut 8th Pa.
Chas G Otis, 2d Lieut Co. C, 2d N. Y.
J T Tovin, Capt Co. 1, 42d N. Y.
J H McCord, 1st Lieut Co. G, 1st Pa.
Wm A Crafts, 1st Lieut 5th N. H.
In addition to the prisoners enumerated above, two squads--one of 159 and one of 350 --arrived last night. About 1,000 Yankees were brought in yesterday, and more were on the way.
List of casualties.
Borrow will be found some additional lists of killed, wounded, and missing in the recent battles near this city:
List of the killed and wounded of the 40th Va. Regiment, in the battles of Jane 26th and 27th.
Lieut. Col W. W. Walker, wounded in leg and arm.
Adjutant W A Brockenbrough.
Serg't Major Samuel Leader.
- Company A.--Killed: Serg't Henry Bunn, priv't Latham. Wounded: Lt Henry Harding, Serg't Jas Hall, Corpl J B Williams, privates Jos Dodson, Wm H McGaiggan, John Hockaday, N O Luck, R Corsey. Wm T Hart, W J Stekes, H Marsh.
- Company B.--Killed: J O Kennan. Wounded: Capt A J Sydnor. in leg; Lieut E Brockenbrough, in leg arm; Lieut Thos Jones, slightly in head; O S T D Ficklin, Corpl R L Reynolds, Jos P Mitchell, severely; J Mealy, Ro Hall, flesh wound; John G Leland, S Rockwell, R H Coleman, H M Dudley, W H Merrig.
- Company C.--Killed: Serg't R Eo wen, privates L M Sebrec, Samuel Bell, N C Barton, W Greenwood, G Moon. Wounded: Capt T E Betts, Lieut C E Redman, privates Ellughes, J Hayes, W T Hall, A W Garner, J S Winstead, J B Jett, Wm Swain, W March, Benj Turner, G Rice, R Reynolds.
- Company D.--Killed: None. Wounded: William France, O Sergt J H Yeatman, C H Scott, V Anthony, G Bowen, W H Balderson, C H Carter, G Hinson, G W Quesenberry, R Hardwick, E Edmonds.
- Company E.--Killed: R Maskell, R Coats, W H H Scrimger. Wounded: Serg't John Lambkin, Sergt J W Efford, T Willard, Wm Mealey, A Efford, R Dunnaway, V R Clark, J B Warwick, James J King, R Loving, H Purcell.
- Company F. Killed: Privates N T Cockrill, Wm Jones. Wounded: Corpl Wm Flint, Corpl L W Moore; Invates W H Covington, T W Eskridge, L W Haynie, Jos Hall, L Jones, Jas Jones, T Morrison, C R Rock, W C Rice, N Haynie.
- Company G. Killed: Privates W S Jones, Jos Patrick. Wounded: Ord Sgt W P Hudgins, Sgt S B Huge left; Privates Jno Davis, R Davis, N Wilson.
- Company H.--Killed: None. Wounded: Capt Wm T Chase, Lieut E Edmonds, Sgt G Saunders; Privates Wm Cundiff, P T Burruss, James May, W Limerick.
- Company I.--Killed: 8gt A Revere; Privates R Mealy, T Denney. Wounded: Lieut Jno Moody, Lieut W Coe, Ord Sgt T G Pinkard; Privates Jos Anderson, Jno Treade, Jas Sanford, D Maston, H H Shaw, Jno Rogers.
- Company K.--Killed: None. Wounded: Sgt G Walker; Privates T Yeatman, J Short, M Murphy, Jno Elmore, Jno Davis.
The above list does not include those who (though wounded) were able to remain with the regiment.
Casualties in the 47th Virginia regiment, commanded by Col. Ro. M. Mayo.
Field and Staff — col Mayo, wounded slightly in the arm.
- Company A. Capt Chas J Green — killed: H C Patton. Wounded: Capt G J Green, in the leg; Lieut W Peyton Monroe, in the thigh; Privates a J Patton, slightly; B H Garrison, slightly;
- Company B, Capt John S Talliaferro — killed: none. Wounded: Capt John S Talliaferro, slightly; Privates J W. Grillin, badly; W Alien, slightly.
- Company C, Capt E L Wharton — killed: none. Wounded: E L Wharton; Privates Wm P Sanford and Jas Bartlett, wounded by shell on the 27th, but remained on the field; a J Barrack, mortally; F S Sisson, slightly in leg.
- Company D, Capt W N Ward — killed: none. Wounded: Capt Ward, badly in shoulder; Privates Thos Cannon, slightly;--Reynolds, badly.
- Company E, Capt Robt W Eubank — killed: none. Wounded: Capt Robt W Eubank, badly, but not dangerously, in the leg by shell; Privates David Sterne, in shoulder; Wm S Anderson, shoulder.
- Company F, Capt S P Gresham — killed: none. Wounded: Privates G W Neall, slightly by shell.
- Company G, Capt L Wright — killed: private Rufus is. wounded: Capt Luther Wright, in the month; Lieut Geo. W Marshall, badly in foot and leg; Privates John J Miller, in shoulder; Geo M Farrar severely in side; H W Brooke, in leg.
- Company H, Capt Thos R Dew — killed: none. Wounded: L B Andrews, badly; Thos E Payse, slightly; Geo F Gouldman, slightly.
- Company I, Capt J D Brace — killed: Privates Geo West. Wounded Serg a W Jones, slightly; Corp H C for, in hand; Privates N Jones, C H Jones, slightly; P Jones, in hand; J O West, in shoulder; Geo English, in mouth; E Groves, in head, slightly; W a Carroll, slightly in head; C W Schooler, slightly in leg.
- Company K, Capt J P Ware — killed: Thos P Burrows. Wounded: J J Carneal, Mordecai Taylor.
Total number engaged in the tow days' fight, 273. Wm Broun, 1st Lieut.,
Acting Adjutant 47th Virginia Reg.
Casualties in the 44th Virginia regiment, ( Lt. Col. A. C Jones, commending,) Elzey's Brigade, in the Statute of of Friday, 27th inst:
Killed is 1st Serg't John F Hagby, Company C.--Wounded: Lt. Col. A C Jones, Adj't C Y Steptoe, C H Harises, co H; Capt Wm Gilliam, co I; Lt co B, Lt H G Richardson, co G; Henry Bell, Co F, Fabert Armistond, co G; Allen Blanton, co H; J A W co H; Charles Rutcheson, co I, Wm J H co H Beverely wounded. Privates Alace and bb co. D.
List of killed and wounded is the 11st Alabama regiment in of the 27th June
Lieut Col. S F wounded. L. W.
- B Young, slightly; Privates A F Wayne, and rely; L B Hackaby, T R Johnson, do; A A Johnson, seriously; F E Safety, J R Conts, Wm Griffith, Wm Worthington. Total wounded, 10.
- Company B.--Killed Jar F Allen, H T Cimlfield, Henry H Lamb. Wounded: Lt Clark, slightly in arm; Sgt M C North, slightly in leg; Corp'l James D Kumbrough, thigh Privates Patton, severely in lungs; J P Clark, both arms; R A Humlet, hand; B F Gordon, legs Wia Rocback, spent ball in side; Thos Avery, head; Elisha Weeds, severely in head; J S Merrill, slightly in head; Calvin Edmeston, head; Cicero Kirksey, slightly in shoulder. Total killed, 3; wounded, 12
- Company C.--Killed: R N Archibald, J. D Baines. F L Eatman, J B Maxwell, (color bearer.) T B Richardson, J Collins, mortally wounded, since died. Wounded: Lt R H Gordon, slightly in leg; Sgts Richardson, arm; Gathwright, foot; Privates J Stafford, shoulder; T Sallivan and T Lanford, thigh; T Moore, body; John Murphy, arm; J O Duncan, do; R Waller, leg; M Baskin, do; J Paschal, hand; J Breathwaite, thigh; D Montgomery, arm; W Sanders, slightly in leg. Total killed, 6, badly wounded G; slightly wounded, 12; missing, 1.
- Company D.--Killed: J E Dossett. Franklin Wright, and R B Gullett, Wounded; Sgts W H Hummell, foot; J L Burton, head; Corp is J H Stewart, breast; W A Anderson, thigh; W C Peguesgrabt, Privates Thos Askew, leg; H C Cater arm; T K Cathey, hand; J W Deans, do; W W Ellington, head; B Jones, arm and leg; Chas Kirker, face; T Prince, hip, W H Percell, hand; S H Roels, face; S Young, leg. Total Killed, 3; wounded, 16; loss, 12.
- Company E.--Killed; Lt W C Faith. Wounded:--Simpson, mortally; Dan'l James, face; Allen Shultz, hip and side. Killed, 1; wounded, 3; missing 2; total, 6.
- Company F.--Killed: A J Garner, Privates Kennedy, Jacob Taylor, Lewis Taylor, Spinks, Espy. Wounded: Sergt Oldham, leg; Corp'l Cawley and Johnson, Privates Fitts, Campbell, James, Smith, Brown, Degby, Lightsey, Killed, 6; wounded, 11; missing, 3; total, 20.
- Company G.--Killed: Private Humphrey. Wounded: Corpl Butt, Privates Adams, Ashworth, Carroll, Dodds, Finicy, Farrington, Gossett, Gaddy, Hughes, McGee, Ross, Rosser, Ray. Killed, 1, Wounded, 14; missing, 1; total, 16.
- Company H.--Killed : Sergt J D Sanders, priv'ts T J Jay J J Segmor. Wounded: Capt M L Stewart, face; Cor H W foot; Corpl F H Black, leg; J R Hodd, side; W A Davis, thigh and arm; Privates D A Ballard, hip; Geo. Craiz, shoulders; J M Davis, thigh; A Dunlop, hand; D T Ferguson, head and back; E J Foster, foot; C W Free, G T Johnson, head; R P Miller, leg; M Morehead, thigh, arm, and side; H G Nabers, thigh, J H Richardson, arm; J G Stewart, leg [ arnd ] arm; D Stokes, arm; A J Story, hand; R Thom, arm; J W Weer, leg; J S Hemphill, thigh. Killed, 3; wounded, 23; total 26.
- Company I--Killed, Privates A White, D W Williams, T G Hollingworth. Wounded: Lt L Harris, Lt R N Shelton, Lt A A Walden, Privates F C Gregg, R J Stewart, T A Black, F A Brotherton, A J Foster, B F R Harris, A H Propst, J C Terry, G W Strickland. Killed, 3; wounded, 12; total, 15.
- Company K.--Killed: Priv G W Goff. Wounded: Lt J H George, Corpl W H King, Corpl Thos B Balland, Privates Peter Casey, J B Cook, J J Cook, Robert H Griffin, H C Lea, Wm B Massingdale, Jno G Gurthric, Killed, 1; wounded, 10; missing, 6; total, 17.
Total killed, 27; wounded, 129; missing, 12. Grand total, 168. O. L. Strudwick.
Act. Adj't 11th Ala. Reg't.
An almost countless number of Yankee letters have been captured by our troops on the several battle-fields, within the past few days. Many of them are hard specimens of Northern literature, and nearly all of them decidedly trashy. As an exception, we make some extracts from a letter dated, "Marshal, Mich., May, 29," from which it will be seen that there is at least one sensible man left in the North, who is unwilling to swallow the Abolition dose which the Seward Administration is preparing. The name of the writer we deem it judicious to withhold; but will state that the letter is from one brother to another:
"I am also glad, Ben. you are not a miserable abolitionist. I am glad to hear you speak well of McClellan. I wish he and the whole army would turn against abolition and its leaders. Dear Ben. I hoped this war would be over and all things settled again. It seems the Southerners are very determined to have their independence. I believe they will; if not at present, at some future time.
"There is no use in living among a people who think a negro ought to be free. I wish every one in the land would take the plague and lie. You do not know what they are until you live in a place like Chicago, where a great many people treat them the same as whites, or better. I say, d — n the nigger, and hope the South will never give up while there is a free negro in the country. I suppose there are a great many soldiers who think they ought to be free, but such are fools and beggars. What do the soldiers in general think about the abuse of McClellan? Do you think the soldiers of the middle States will ever suffer him to be insulted by the G — d d — n Fremont fanatical abolitionists? I believe yet, that Pennsylvania, the middle States, and the border States, will get tired of abolition fanaticism and unite with the South. Still, Ben. stand by the Constitution; that is the American's only God and raw.
"No wonder, Ben. there are no Union men where you are. What have they to be Union men for?"
The view of Affairs on the South side of James River.
--The telegraph has already stated the attempted escape of McClellan's army via James river. The Petersburg Express, of Tuesday, Says:
Information was received from our pickets on James river, last evening at 6 o'clock, stating that the Confederates had driven the remnant of McClellan's army to the river, just opposite the Chesterfield shore and immediately above Bermuda Hundreds. Our forces were pouring into them vollies of musketry and cannon, and killing them by hundreds. The Federal gunboats went up and took part in the fight, when the Confederate artillery on the south side of the river, attached to Gen. Holmes's brigade, took position, and gave the gunboats pretty substantial evidence that there were blows to receive as well as blows to give. Our fire soon became too hot for the gunboats, and they dropped down to the vicinity of Turkey Island, where our cannon on this side followed them, and continued the fight. At six o'clock, the Federal [ wree ] fleeing down the north bank of the river, but manifested a decided unwillingness to go beyond the cover of their gunboats. The cannonading was incessant when our informant Lett, and the Confederates seemed to manifest no disposition to give up the pursuit.
One steamer passed up the river yesterday from Old Point loaded with troops, and touched at Carter's Wharf, but for certain reasons unknown to us, did not deem it prudent to land. Four Federal transports passed down the river yesterday afternoon, loaded with a portion of McClellan's army, but seventy-five transports will not convey them away, unless we have already killed and captured more than half the army. It is thought that under cover of darkness, many would succeed in making their escape last night, but as it will probably be a long time before we shall get another such chance to exterminate the invaders, we hope to hear to-day that at least three fourths of McClellan's one hundred thousand have been killed and captured.
We understand that one of the Federal gunboats darted up and down the river yesterday fronting City Point, (like a duck in a thunder storm,) with the black flag flying. We presume the piratical craft had heard of the disastrous overthrow of Mac, and determined to do something desperate. Flying the black flag was especially gallant when she knew there was nothing about to oppose her.
A proper Retaliation.
--The subjoined letter from Gen. Hindman (a vague report of whose capture is confirmed in the Northern papers) to Gen. Curtis, the Federal commander in Arkansas, is written in the proper spirit. It is dated Little Rock, June 8:
General: I have received information that you have in prison at Batesville certain citizens of Izani county, Arkansas, captured a few days since by a attachment of your cavalry, who are charged with firing upon your men, while attempting to arrest them, and whom it is your intention to hang as out-laws. Without stopping to inquire whether they did actually fire upon your soldiers or not, I assert it to be the duty, as well as the right, of every citizen of this district to fire upon the soldiers of the United States Government, so long as that Government persists in the invasion of their homes, and they have the arms to defend those house with; and in the performance of that duty, I shall sustain them at every hazard.
I have in custody several officers and soldiers of the army of your Government, and I write this to warn you that if your threat is carried into execution against one single citizen of this district, who now is, or may hereafter fall into, your hands, I shall avenge his death by hanging every Federal officer and soldier whom I now hold as prisoners of war; and from that time forward this becomes a war of extermination between us. Neither asking or granting quarter, I shall put to death, without mercy, every soldier and citizen of the United States who falls into my hands.
I am further informed that, in a published order, you have already declared this to be a war of extermination, and that you expect to wage it as such. I request, sir, that you specifically advise me as to the truth of such information, and if compatible with your duty, furnish me a copy of the order in question. It such proves to have been your declaration, however, you can consider this as an acceptance of the issue tendered, and we will ignore all recognized rules of civilized warfare, and make our campaign one of savage cruelty and unsparing butchery.
Hoping, General, that there is some mistake in this matter, and that the rules of civilized warfare will continue to influence us both in conducting the campaign in which we find ourselves engaged. I have the honor to be your
T. C. Hindman,
Major-General C. S. A.
G corn is in Augusta, Ga., at 50 cents per dozen.
From the North.
The latest Northern papers are to the 28th ult. From them we make further extracts of interest:
From before Richmond.
A letter in the Herald from Fair Oaks, June 22d, is interesting. Some of the statement are amusing, from the fact that they were written when the Yankees were rather more "before Richmond" than they are now. It says:
I have just seen a number of rebel prisoners and contrabands, who are on their way to Fortress Monroe. The contrabands were so stupid and thickheaded that I could learn nothing from them, and the rebels so bitterly access that I could learn very little from them. Of their appearance there as prisoners, however, I learned that some had been captured by our pickets, some were of the 1st Virginia Cavalry, and had been hunted down, as they formed it, while others, honest, quiet farmers, had been torn from their homes because they said that they would not take the oath of allegiance, and were probably supposed to be connected with, or knew something of, that little affair down the road the other evening. I have said that they were bitterly secesh — bitter is no word for the scoundrels. They appear to delight in boasting of their connection with the rebel army's their intention never to take the oath of allegiance, and their hatred and contempt of the Northern army and people.--One man said, "Richmond is not yours yet, nor will it over be." I asked one, who appeared to be more intelligent than the rest, if he did not think we should be in Richmond before long. He said, "Yes I think you will, but the same as I am here," meaning as prisoners. They did say that they did not expect the kind treatment from us that they received; yet they act as if they disposed as the more for it.
It will be recollected by your readers that shortly after General McClellan had paid his accustomed visit to our troops in this direction on Wednesday afternoon last, when he was greeted with such bursts of applause, the robles attempted and succeeded in driving back, with an humanely superior force, our pickets to their reserve. The rebels engaged in this affair consisted of a whole brigade, while our picket and reserve did not out number a whole regiment. What the motive for this attack was cannot be divined, unless it was to learn the cause of the immense glee in our camp. Success probably imagined that reinforcements were arriving for McClellan, and the reconnaissance in force was for the purpose of ascertaining the extent and nature of the reinforcements. At all events the effort, whatever may have been intended, was a perfect and entire failure, the shells from our batteries driving them like chaff through the woods and swamps, and enabling our pickets to obtain an advanced position.
On Friday, Orderly-Sergeant H. D. Hanaban, company I, 2d South Carolina volunteers, Colonel Kenneday, of Kershaw's brigade, was found in the woods wounded in the legs, where he had been since Wednesday night. He suffered amputation at the hands of the Surgeon of the 1st California. He was found in an emaciated condition by Capt. W. P. Tomlinson, company F, 1st California. The prisoner expressed a great desire to have one fact noticed in the Herald to disabuse the minds of the Southern soldiery, who believe from representations of their leaders that their wounded do not receive merciful and charitable attention at our hands. He desires, through your correspondent, to express his thanks for the noble and generous treatment extended towards him since he has been a wounded prisoner in our hands. He believes that the loss of the rebels in the skirmish of Wednesday was severe, as the shells from our battery exploded right amongst them in their retreat through the woods.
Our picket lines, during the whole of last night, resounded will the crack of musketry, mostly from the rebels, who, from motives of spite, seem determined to prevent our forces in camp from enjoying their nightly sleep. These constantly recurring alarms in camp are now, however, taken cheerfully by the mem and the line of battle is uniformly formed after a few shots have been exchanged between the pickets.
While the position and strength of our forces are at present such as to dissipate all fear for our safety from any attack which the rebels may make upon us, a reinforcement of fifty thousand fresh troops would insure the immediate reduction of Richmond, with much less loss to our side than it could be accomplished otherwise. It is idle to deny the fact that the rebels outnumber us, though in effectiveness our army is superior to theirs in the field.
I am glad to see that some of our regiments have been provided, as a measure of protection from the fervent heat, with a meal and light straw hat, with the name of the regiment neatly printed on its black band. I noticed the Sixteenth New York in regimental line this morning, and they presented really a neat and tidy appearance with their new chapeaus.
If anything can be said to be hopeful about the rebels, the fact that yesterday they allowed the blessed Sabbath to pass — or, at least, the devotional morning hours of the same — without a resort to the messengers of death, would indicate a change for the better on their part.
The health of our troops has slightly improved since my last communication.
A letter from the same paper, from Savage Station, on the 23d, announces the arrival of several deserters from the Confederate Army, and says:
These men were all regularity enlisted, having their choice between enlisting in the rebel army at New Orleans, where they happened to be at the time the State seceded from the national Union, or going to work as prisoners on some of the fortifications then in course of creation. Of the two alternatives they thought to choose the lesser, and accordingly enlisted in the regiments then forming, with a view to make their escape North at the first opportunity. Shortly after the blockade was established off New Orleans the regiments were ordered to Virginia, and after spending a portion of last winter in North Virginia, under the commend of Beauregard, they were ordered to Norfolk, at which place they were garrisoned until the evacuation, when they were again ordered to Richmond. While the evacuation was going on, seven of the company of the Third Louisiana battalion managed to make their escape; and it was thought by the officers that the whole company was about to desert and a strict watch was kept upon them. They were never allowed, until lately, to go on picket, although their services were frequently needed. At length the officers seemed to regain confidence, and after the raid of Jackson upon the column under General Banks, they were placed on picket at the Mechanicville pike. Early on Saturday morning, during a dense fog, they managed to make their way so the Union side of the Chickahominy undiscovered by either party. Here they lay in the swamp until daylight, when, after throwing their arms away, they proceeded to give themselves up to some of our videttes, and were marched, with lighter hearts than they had for many a day, into the camp of some of their old friends.
During the first few months they were in the service their rations were good and plenty, but since the capture of Roanoke Island the supplies of coffee and sugar gradually became less, until within the past three months, when they ceased to receive their usual small quantity of coffee, and were forced to do without anything save an occasional ration of burnt rye, which was used in lieu of a more substantial beverage. Tea was an article not known in the army, and what little could be procured was used for hospital purposes. The sugar, which was of the poorest quality gradually disappeared from the camp, and the privates were compelled to take their rye coffee without any sweetening whatever. This was in itself bad enough; but the worst was yet to come. Commissary stores of all kinds became suddenly very scarce, and for the past few weeks the troops have been on half rations, viz: nine ounces of flour or meal and a pound of bread per day. The scarcity of food has become such a bugbear that many of the troops are nearly in open rebellion against their officers.
The retreat of Jackson in the Valley of the Shenandoah is looked upon with considerable anxiety by the people, who fear for his safety. Numerous reinforcements have been sent to him, consisting of a whole division under the command of General Gustavus W. Smith, two batteries of artillery and a regiment of cavalry. It is thought that Jackson will make the best of his way back to Richmond, where the grand finale of the rebellion will take place.
The force of the rebels in and about Richmond at the present time is estimated at about one hundred and twenty-five thousand, some of whom are without arms other than those brought from home.--Reinforcements from the West are looked for daily. They have numerous works thrown up around the city and considerable heavy ordnance.
A letter in the Tribune from the White House says:
The awful weather, the like of which has not been experienced here for 20 years--as I am informed by a Mr. Johnson, who is an old resident — and which has retarded the movements of Gen. McClellan, had new taken a favorable turn, and we have been blessed during the past week, with a succession of as fine days as could be wished for, with every appearance of a continuance.
Prisoners are being brought in every day by our cavalry pickets. Six were brought in last evening, among whom was a very knowing-looking little humpy-back. His five comrades were well mounted on good Secesh horses, but his lordship was better mounted than any of them and would not condescend to exchange a word with any of our men. They will be kept here until the number shall be increased when they will be sent on to Fortress Monroe.
A letter to the Tribune, from Seven Places, says:
Brig. Gen. J. J. Pock was this afternoon ordered to relieve Gen. Casey in the command of his division, near Bottom bridge, Gen. A. P. Howe will take command of Peck's brigade, To Gen. Casey will be committed the exceedingly important and responsible duty of protecting the base of our operations at the White House and the unbroken connection we now have by railroad from our extranse advance to bite water highway which leads to Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York.
To no man in the army would the care of Camp's last position have been more than to John J. Pech. Mot yet 45 years of age, to has the advantage of a West point and of an experience in every save one, and of every one of the battles fought by Scott from to Mexico. Who has had such schooling.
An unjust and on mistake of the public sentiment has placed Gen. Casey in command of the rear guard at bridge as a punishment ! It is not so. We who know this fighting-ground, its strength, and its weaknesses, knew too well that the extreme left this day held by Casey, and tomorrow to be held by Peck, is more than the post of danger and the post of honor.
The New York. Herald The Canadians are terribly stirred up by the course of the British journals in giving them the cold shoulder and telling them to defend themselves or become concerned in the event of a war between England and the United States. But they will soon be stirred up still more when apprehension becomes reality. What they ought to do is to consider nowhere they will make their bed before it is too late. In a very short time our iron clad ships will be in such force on the ocean as to sweep Napoleon of the Gulf and his army out of Mexico. England perceives that, and wants to give Canada an opportunity of, taking care of herself when the storm comes which will make her, it she desires it, one of the United States--the greatest Republican the world, and about to become the most powerful nation of the earth. We will give the Cana six, nine or twelve months to make up their minds as to what they will do; we are not in a hurry about the sooner they decide that their with the United States the better for themselves. The American Government can protect the British monarchy confesses through its organize at it cannot. They ought not to lose a moment therefore, in declaring their independence, for they will avoid trouble, in which they are in danger of being involved by the policy of England. The question of annexation is an after consideration, and one that must be decided by themselves. We are not anxious to annex Catrada; but, if she desires to cast her lot with this great country, it will be for her own interest, and we have no doubt that a proposition from her to that effect would be favorably received by our Government and people.
On the subject of the " cation" of Richmond, the paper says:
Though the evacuation of Richmond would not prove what the leaders hope it would, it is use lest to conceal that the successful flight from Virginia of the Confederate army, without a battle, would be a decided misfortune, and put back the of the war. Gen. McClellan does not mean to allow this, if he can possibly prevent it. If he delays the attack an hour beyond the time when he is fully prepared, the country may be assured that it is for the purpose of arranging such subsidiary operations as will frustrate the hope the rebels have in flight. The Richmond journals have already told us that Gen. Mansfield occupies Suffolk, in the rear of the rebel capital, with a strong, force. The visit of Burnside to McClellan at headquarters undoubtedly meant work in this very direction. But more significant than all, there is yet encouragement that the gunboats in the James river are destined to play their Prime part in the capture of Richmond and its rebellious defenders. The movements in this direction have been very properly shrouded in secrecy; but there is every hint that our iron-clads will be able to silence and pass the batteries that line the banks of the James river, near Fort Darling, and, this accomplished, to remove the obstructions that have been placed in the channel. It would be a heavy imantation on the courage of the navy should this enterprise not be attempted, and if attempted, it will in all probability be successful. The service they can render is incalculable. With a meet of gunboats commanding the mainline of retreat from Richmond, the last hope of the rebels, the hope of flight, is cut off. Is McClellan awaiting the echo of the guns at Fort Darting? If so, twenty millions wait with him, hushed in expectancy.
The Philadelphia Inquirer and the New York Tribune don't agree on the object of the war. The former paper, noticing the speech of the worse than Yankee Governor of North Carolina--Stanley — to the people of Newbern says:
See, how mildly and truthfully, yet pointedly, he reasons with them upon the vexed and delicate questions concerning their slaves. "You " he observes, "that your slaves are all to be emancipated; at did not the President revoke the proclamation of Fremont, Phelps, and Hunter? Has he not said over and over a in that he has no constitutional right to pale the slaves? Does he not insist that all the States shall be protected in all their rights? What more can be asked of him? Mr. Lincoln is no Abolitionist. He is the best friend the South has got. Complaints are made that slaves w the Federal lines are not promptly rendered up. But do not the rebels use slaves to build fortifications, and to man guns to fight against the Union? The Federal armies cannot make a business of catching slaves. They have come to put down treason and a war began by these rebels. Any man who would make war on such a Government as ours ought to lose his property"
The Tribune, however, thinks the nigger" must "go up," and says:
All that is here demanded said by the President in his Natural, fully, clearly, and honestly. He could not have been more explicit nor more kind. Congress was equably explicit in its adoption of Mr. Crittenden's resolve last July: No State seceded from the Union under any belief or apprehension that its rights and domestic concerns would be interfered with by the Federal Government.--The Slave Power resolved to destroy the Union because it could no longer bond it abjectly to its will; it conspired to break up the Democratic party defeat Douglas, and elect Lincoln, on purpose to inaugurate this civil war. New protestations of respect for slavery and indisposition to harm it would only be hailed as signs of weakness, and would encourage the traitors to persevere in their evil ways. Nothing but the overthrow of slavery will ever reconcile them to the Union.
A Southern lady's brother Murdered for Protecting her from insult.
We find the following in the Baltimore American, of the 24th ult. The day of retribution for these Yankee hirelings is at hand:
Some days since a lady entered General Vicle's headquarters to obtain from him a pass to go to Suffolk, to see some friends and relatives residing there. General Vicle received her with his usual politeness, but suddenly noticing that she wore the Confederate colors prominently, in the shape of a brooch, mildly suggested that it would, perhaps, have been in better to come to his office without such a decoration. "I have aright, sir, to consult my own wishes as to what I shall wear." "Then, madam," replied the General, "permit me to claim an equal right in ch ing with whom I shall converse:" and the dignified lady had to withdraw from his presence. Subsequently the proud daughter of Secessia returned to the General's office without the offensive bronch, and, making a slight apology for the indecorous conduct on a former occasion, reiterated her request for a pass, which was promptly filled up and handed to her.
The lady proceeded to Suffolk, and, after visiting her friends, she very injudiciously walked around among the Provost Guard of National troops, wearing the brooch above mentioned in a very conspicuous portion of her dress. The attention of the soldiers was at once attracted to the emblem, much to the gratification of the giddy girl. A very polite and gallant officer, of the 13th New York, accepted her at once, and told it would be better for her to remove the brooch out of sight, or it might cause a difficulty; but the young lady heeded not the admonition. Pa leg along, she was met by a soldier who told her must not wear the "Stars and Bars" now, as it was nothing now but an emblem of weakness and evacuation. She said to the soldier that show said not remove the brooch for any Yankee hireling whereupon said soldier matched the hated brooch from the girl's bosom, and removing the color, he the golden bauble back to its owner, Some citizens observing the act, fell upon the soldier, and were belaboring him pretty badly, when he drew his bayonet from his scabbard and striking one of the attacking party several blows, he led him to the earth, and injured him so boldly that it is feared he will not recover. The injured man was the silly girl's brother. Yet this lesson for the indies of Norfolk, who dully insult our soldiers when they get a chance.
From the New York Tribune, of the 16th, and on other papers, we take the following miscellaneous items:
Our correspondent at Corinth was much astonished a few days ago on ranking in a Northern paper the dispatch stating that Gen. Halleck's army captured 10,000 prisoners and 15,000 small arms at the occupying of Corinth He says that only about 2,800 rebels — including 000 taken in hospitals, some 500 deserters, and 300 snuggeries — and some 2,500 small arms, including 1,500 burned at Booneville by the cavalry expedition under Col. Elliot proceeding the pursuit, fell into our hands. Gen. Fope, however, in explanation of this matter, stated to Congressmen yesterday that he did take 30,000 men, such as they were — be could not call them soldiers — but let them go on parole as he had no means of feeding them.
There are all sorts of rumors from the Shenandoah Valinda. Our troops or well supplied with stores and forage, and are and to be prepared for any little job that Jackson or Ewell may undertake. Our dispatch says: "Jackson is by the time checked, and Fremont, Banks and Shi have joined forces to pursue him."
The President returned to Washington yesterday. Gen. Scott accompanist him as far as Jevacy City. The rum from Jevacy City to Washington was 7 hours and 20 minutes--the shortest time ever made on the route.
Gen. Boyis has ordered the fitting up of a prison in Ky., for the riddance of women who aid and the replicon.
White river, is now open from the Mississippi in the Gen. army.
The battle on White Rived.
terrible Destruction of a Federal steamer.
The much talked of "White River Expeliti in" left Memphis, Tenn., on the 19th ult., and consisted of eight gunboats. The feast proceeded very successfully for a while and captured a Confederate steamer on White river and battered down several fortifications on the way. A correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer says:
The Union fleet had proceeded something over eighty miles up White river, when they were tired upon from a battery on the south side, but so batden among the trees that the officers could hereby determine the spot whence the pieces were discharged. The guns of the enemy were not very heavy. They sounded like 12 and 24 pounders, and subsequent examination proved they were such.
The Mound City fired her how guns twice, and then her port guns, as she steamed up the river little further, making the distance between her and the upper battery, less than half a mile. The second fortification was on the same bluff or r that its follow was, but a little further from the second fortification was on the same bluff or ridden that its fellow was, but a little farther from shore, and in a southwesterly direction from that flag ship, preventing its guns from bearing directly on the Mound City.
The effect of the flag ship's shots could not be well determined, but they appeared to be falling when the gunners desired, and the cannonade on her port, as well as on that of the St. Louis, was warmly kept up for eight or ten minutes, less than twenty having elapsed since the first gun had been fired from the lower battery.
In the meantime Colonel Fitch had landed his five or six hundred men on the Southern bank below the first battery with the intention of attacking the upper works in the rear, and surprising the enemy at their guns. He was already on the march, and had signaled the Mound City to coarse firing, that his own men might not be injured, when an unanticipated accident, of the most horrible character, almost entirely destroyed the officers and crew of the flag-ship.
A large cylindrical shot, with iron flanges on each side, known among the rebels as the pigment shot, struck the casement on the port side, in the upper port, near the first gun, at an angle of about ninety degrees; passing through the casement and connecting pipe of the bollers, killing a gunner on the starboard side, and alighting in the steward's pantry.
The effect of severing the connecting pipe may be imagined. All the steam of the bollers at once rushed with a shrill, hissing sound into every part of the gunboat, which presented no means for its escape except through the port holes and sky lights. It was like injecting steam into an air-light box, and when we remember there were nearly one hundred and eighty human beings below the deck the ineffable horror of their situation may readily be seen.
The burning steam fairly mowed them down.--They shrieked, and leaped, and writhed in pain. But the steam did not pity their fortunes; it seemed rather to delight in their sufferings, and extended its vaporous torrents to new victims. Horrors upon horrors accumulated in that low, square, seething, boiling, ferry enclosure, where man endured all the fabled agonies of the damned, and yet could not die.
To some, Fate was merciful; for it slew them at once. As many as forty five or fifty, who had stood on the gun-deck a few moments before with buoyant hopes and elated spirits, lay there in crimson death, unconscious of the pain of those around them, unhearing — O how fortunately ! --the terrible moaning and groaning of the wounded sufferers.
As soon as the first shock had passed, those who had not been slain from full inhalation of the steam were prompted, mad with pain, to leap into the river to cool their burning bodies. The impulse appeared to seize upon all simultaneously, and out of the open ports plunged one wretch after another, until seventy or eighty were struggling in the water. Some were so badly scalded that they could not swim, and they, most fortunately, were drowned; while others, refreshed and cooled by the river, struck out manfully to the shore, as if they had been uninjured.
At this crisis when every principle of humanity called for aid and succor, the rebels proved themselves worthy of the antecedents that have dishonored and disgraced them from the beginning of the war.
Instead of imitating the example of generosity and magnanimity set them by a brave and loyal people, struggling for the preservation of a great and glorious country; forgetting the heroic conduct shown by our seamen, who endeavored, in the gunboat fight off Memphis, to save the lives of the unfortunate crew of the General Lovell when she went down, the rebels, meanly, mercilessly, and dastardly, made every effort to destroy the poor scalded fellows who were seeking to reach the shore or our vessels with their burned and suffering limbs.
The gunners in the upper battery turned their guns upon the suffering officers and seamen of the Mound City, and Captain Fry, the commander of the works, ordered his sharp-shooters to kill every Yankee before he could reach the shore or succor could be brought.
The devilish enemy needed no second bidding. He ran with alacrity down to the boat, and there, under cover of the trees, fired muskets and the wounded swimmers, with a cool diabolism that a savage South Sea Islander would have blushed to witness. Many a brave fellow was killed and sunk in the river, and others were wounded several times before they obtained the needful aid from their loyal friends. The Mound City was powerless and drifting with the current; she could not aid them; and the St. Louis was then opposite the lower fortification.
The Conestoga, which was just below the Mound City, promptly lowered two of her boats, and sent them to save the survivers of the horrible accident. No sooner had the gigs been manned, and no sooner were the sailors pulling at their care on the divine errand of mercy, than the upper work blazed with its heavy guns at the succorers of distress.
The Union gigs were struck twice, one in the bow and the other in the stern; but, strange to say, they were not swamped, nor were they prevented from rescuing from the river some of the ill fated crew.
A third boat, from the St. Louis, I believe, was struck with rebel shot and shattered in pieces, but none of the inmates were hurt or drowned. The enemy was still bent on their demonize work, and would have fired his last cartridge at the defenseless sailors, had not the brave Indianian, under Col. Fitch, succeeded by this time in reaching the rear of the fortification, where Fry commanded, and arrested the labor of destruction.
The 46th Indiana rushed with a shout and a volley of musketry into the hostile works, and then charged with bayonets upon the inhuman fee. The rebels were completely taken by surprise. Before they had time to throw down their arms or cry for quarter they were lying in the entrenchments and their lifeblood ebbing away. Some of the Secessionists fought with dogged obstinacy against superior numbers, and fell covered with ghastly wounds.
Those of the rebels along the shore who had been firing at the Unionists in the water were soon charged upon by the Indianian, for whom they did not wait, but took to flight along the bank towards the village of St. Charles. A portion of the insurgents ran to a place above where the river had been obstructed, and jumping into a few small boats they had moored there, crossed the stream and disappeared in the woods.
The rout was complete. The victory was cures but, alas ! at what a price.
At least one hundred and fifty to two hundred of the rebels must have been killed and wounded, nearly all of the number having been slain. Their entire force was about five hundred, and of these about fifty were captured, and the remainder escaped in the manner I have described.
Among the prisoners was Captain Fry, formerly a lieutenant in the navy, and commander of the gunboat Pontchartrain, which, with three transports, had been sunk-opposite the upper fortification. Great indignation was fell against the renegade Fry, (who is seriously wounded.) and he would have been killed a dozen times but for the interposition of Colonel Fitch.
One of the Indianian bad his market leveled at Fry's head, and was about to pull the trigger, when his piece was knocked up by the House of his company, and the life of the trai officer but only, I fear, for further indignity, and dead of evil that good hearts will not believe are possible in man.
A number of the seaman who were shot in the river sank, and their bodies have not reserved. Others were ra having one, two, three, and even more wounds inflicted by the sharpshooters. One sailor, James Formers, was his leg broken and his arm and still he swam to the Lexington, three-quarters of a mile distant. and hide fair to reserve.
Just after the engagement, a sailor, writhing in pain, upon the Mound became entangled in the lanyard of a loaded gun, and the pieces, the shot passing through the steam-pipe as the New Natlemal, then lying opponents the gunboat.
The steam escaped in and yet, th many persons were on board, us was That the accident to the Mound City repented on the same day-- with me such effect — is a singular
The obstructions in the White river, near St. Charles, have been and the . and Lexington have gone further up the on a but have dois before this time. The Mound City will be in a few days, and the National same their expeditions.
Ninety-four of one men have been is thought thirty more
Wednesday morning...July 2, 1862.
The battles and the localities.
The readers of this paper have been posted from day to day, as well as it was possible to do so, upon the progress of the momentous struggle going on near this city, and which has shed such inside upon the Confederate arms. Yet, for a better under standing of it to those not familiar with the ground, we deem it proper to group together the main points of the narrative continued from day to day.
The Chickahominy is a stream rather above the slightly of a creek, and not fully up to that of a river, which meanders through the tide-water district of James river, in a line generally parallel to the James, at a mean distance of ten or twelve miles from that river, until it (the Chickahominy) reaches the lower end of Charles City county, when it abruptly turns southwardly and empties into the James. It is the northern boundary of both Henrico and Charles City. It is skirted generally by wide low lands, and in some parts considerable swamps. McClellan army had, a part of it, crossed to the South side of the Chickahominy, and were fortified on the Williamsburg road, and adjacent to it, to within seven miles of Richmond — the point where the battle of Seven Pines occurred. The enemy was also strongly posted for many miles on the North bank, the heights of which were fortified with great energy and skill from Meadow Bridge, his extreme right, to some two miles below Bottom's Bridge, a distance of about twenty miles.
Meadow Bridge is 6Â½ miles from and North of the city, and at that point the Central Railroad crosses the Chickahominy. The enemy were posted on the heights beyond. The York River Railroad crosses the Chickahominy about ten miles from Richmond, and about that distance below Meadow Bridge.--Mechanicsville is a mile beyond the Chickahominy, six miles from Richmond, and some two or three miles below Meadow Bridge. Other points which have become famous in the battles are in this order Ellyson's Mill, Beaver Dam, Powhite, or Hogan's farm, and Coal Harbor — all on the North bank, and covering a distance of some twelve miles.
On the South side, and South of the York River Railroad, are the following roads, so often referred to in the narratives given now, as well as in the battle of the Seven Pines, The Williamsburg road, which connects with the New Bridge and Nine Mile roads at and near Seven Pines, crosses the Chickahominy at Bottom's Bridge. The New Bridge road crosses the Chickahominy about eight miles from the city. Meadow Bridge is North, and the route of our victories being from thence down the southern line pursued on the Chickahominy, is brought up at Bottom's Bridge, due East of the city.
We find in the Enquirer, of yesterday, so brief and clear a review of our operations against the enemy in these localities, that we make it a part of this article:
"On Thursday at three o'clock Major General Jackson took up his flag of march from Ashland, and proceeding down the country between the Chickahominy and Pamankey rivers, he uncovered the front of Brig. Gen. Branch by driving off the enemy collected on the north bank of the Chickahominy river, at the point where it is crossed by the Brook Turnpike; General Branch, who was on the south bank, then crossed the river and wheeled to the right, down its northern bank. Proceeding in that direction, General Branch, in like manner, uncovered, at Meadow Bridge, the front of Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill, who immediately crossed. The three columns now proceeded en echelon--Gen. Jackson in advance, and on the extreme left, Brig. Gen. Branch (who was now merged with Gen. A. P. Hill.) in the centre, and Gen. A. P. Hill on the right, immediately on the river, Jackson, bearing away from the Chickahominy in this part of the march, so as to gain ground towards the Pamankey, marched to the left of Mechanicsville, while Gen. Hill, keeping well to the Chickahominy, approached that village and engaged the enemy there. The military talent exhibited by Gen. Hill in this approach and assault is worthy of great commendation, and has won imperishable honors for that gallant young officer, while the courage, ardor, and firmness of his officers and men in the assault of the enemy's earthworks at Ellyson's Mill have reflected the greatest glory upon the Confederate army. Driven from the immediate locality of Mechanicsville, the enemy retreated during the night down the river to Powhite swamp, and night closed the operations of Thursday.
"As soon as General Hill cleared the road at Mechanicsville, General Longstreet's corps d'armee, consisting of his veteran division of the Old Guard of the Army of the Potomac, and General D. H. Hill's division, debouched from the woods on the South side of the Chickahominy, and crossed that river at Mechanicsville. The position of our army on Friday nigh may be described as forming, with the Chickahominy, an acute angle: our left still in advance under General Jackson, lying over towards the Pamankey: General Hill occupying Mechanicsville and the centre, and General Longstreet with General D. H. Hill, composing our right, lying immediately along the Chickahominy.
"Friday morning the general advance en echelon again began; Gen. Jackson in advance and far to the left, gradually converging to the Chickahominy again; General A. P. Hill in the centre, and bearing towards new Coal Harbor; Gen. Longstreet and Gen. D. H. Hill coming down the Chickahominy to New Bridge. Arrived at Hogan's house, near New Bridge, Gen. Lee awaited the consummation of his magnificent strategy — courier after courier arrived informing him of the approach of each division. As soon as Jackson's arrival at Coal Harbor was announced, Gen. Lee and Gen. Longstreet, accompanied by their respective staffs, rode by Gaines's Mill and halted at New Coal Harbor here they joined Gen. A. P. Hill. Soon the welcome sound of Jackson's guns announced his arrival and that the Battle had begun.
"The enemy now occupied a singular position; one portion of his army on the South side of the Chickahominy, fronted Richmond, and was confronted by Gen. Magruder--the other portion on the north side, had turned their backs on Richmond, and fronted destruction in the persons of Lee, Longstreet, Jackson, and the Hills.
"These last were therefore advancing on Richmond with their backs to the city; such was the position into which General Lee had forced McClellan. The position which the latter here occupied, however, was one of great strength.
"Jackson having begun the contest, it was taken up by General A. P. Hill in the centre, and by D. H. Hill on the left; Longstreet, in reserve, supported immediately the centre under General A. P. Hill. From the beginning of the conflict, Jackson pressed up and D. H. Hill down the Chickahominy. Our wings were thus approaching each other, while our centre was driving the enemy back upon the river. From four o'clock until eight the battle raged with a display of the utmost daring and intrepidity on the part of the Confederate army. The enemy's lines were finally broken and his strong positions all carried, and night covered the retreat of McClellan's broken and routed columns to the South side of the Chickahominy. This retreat to the Richmond side of the river was continued through Friday night, and the morning of Saturday. Closely watched and pressed by our army, he held his fortified camp on the South side of the Chickahominy during Saturday, but evacuated it during the night, and resumed his retreat, taking direction towards James river.
"The operations of our army since Sunday morning have been principally on the Richmond side of the Chickahominy; on Sunday, however, Jackson commanded Bottom's Bridge, and though unable to cross it because it was under range of the guns of the enemy, prevented its use by the enemy, while he built himself another a above, where he crossed his army to the South side on Sunday evening, leaving General Stuart's cavalry on the North side.
"The retreat which began from the North side on Friday night, on yesterday changed into a flight; and the foot races of the armies of the Potomac are now being run down towards the James River, through Charles City. The position of the armies at the time of writing this, owing to McClellan's rapid movements and brilliant strategy, may be designated as decidedly shifting; indeed dissolving views are the principal parts of the flying Federal panorama.
"The result of the conflict thus far is a splendid tribute to the capacity of our Commanding General, Robert E. Lee. Henceforth his name is as immortal as history can make a man. The facts when analyzed, as we hope soon to be better able to do, will display a combination of strategy, prudence, vigor and sagacity in planning the attack, that have rarely been equalled in the history of military operation. We are proud of the pure patriot and modest General who has thus unhorsed the boasted 'Young Napoleon.'"
The Federal President requested to Send home a regiment.
--At a meeting of the City Council of Cincinnati, held last Friday, the following was presented and unanimously adopted:
Whereas, The Filth Ohio regiment, of this city, has been sadly decimated in battle, and by hard, long and fatiguing marches; and whereas, the gallantry, efficiency and heroic bearing of the regiment in the several battles in which it has participated entitles its remaining members to the kind consideration of the Government: Therefore, be it.
Resolved, By the City Council of Cincinnati. That the President of the United States and the Secretary of War be solicited to order the regiment to Camp Dennison, near this city, for and that the regiment may recruit its decimated ranks.
--Col. Cahill, of the Ninth Connecticut Regiment, who has had but 700 men until recently, writes home that he has filled his regiment to the maximum standard (1,040) by recruiting loyal men of New Orleans. The Thirteenth and Twelfth are also said to have received additions in the same manner.
--General W. T. Sherman has published a long and bitter letter written to Lieut. Gov. Seadton, of Ohio, in answer to certain statements made by that official against the conduct of himself and Generals Grant, Hurlbut, and Prentiss, at the battle of Shiloh.
A number of colored nurses were sent on Monday from Petersburg to Richmond, to care for the wounded.
The Chickahominy Bridge.
--On Monday last, at the arrival of the train from Richmond at a point on the York River Railroad about nine miles from town, where the retreating enemy bad set fire to and completely burned up a train of cars, Alexander Dudicy, Esq., President of the road, accompanied by the Superintendent, Mr. John McFarland, and Captain P. G. Colligan, of the Va. Ordnance, took a hand car and started in the direction of the White House. On arriving within a quarter of a mile of the trestle bridge which spans the Chickahominy, they observed a locomotive on the track at the far end of the bridge. The engine was enveloped in stock, and it being impossible to determine what was the cause, the parties on the car being armed entered the woods and came up close to the engine. To their amazement they found that the bridge was an fire, and also that two platform cars attached to the engine were in full blaze. Getting upon the bridge they found that there was imminent danger of the locomotive falling through and the whole bridge being destroyed. Fortunately they found in the swamp some Yankee camp kettles, and attaching one of these to a long pole they succeeded in lifting water from the swamp, and after three hours incessant labor they completely extinguished the fire. They then examined the extent of the damage to the bridge, and found that on the White House side 80 feet span of the trestle work and four or five cars loaded with ammunition had been blown to pieces.
The locomotive was headed towards Richmond in front of it were two flats, the throttle was open, and it was plain that the train was started for the bridge with a slow match attached, so as to explode on the bridge, and thus destroy bridge and all; fortunately, however, the tender got partially dislodged, and thus checked the engine until the steam gave out. The scene in the swamps beneath baffles all description; the wheels and axles and heavy timbers of the cars were blown far on either side of the bridge. Cannon shot, shell, cartridges, and commissariat stores were strewn about in every direction, and the stores of various kinds, where they had fallen in heaps, were rapidly burning.
Mr. Dudley returned to Richmond for aid to extricate the engine, and the other two gentlemen, having crossed the swamp, reached Duval's, a Yankee camp, near Mr. Duval's residence. Here we found a large number of tents standing, and piled around were boxes of axes, shovels, spades, and scythe blades, together with anvils, vices, and all sorts of implements for a smithy, as well as carpenter's tools. Smith a forges had been set up and ovens constructed, and all the arrangements indicated great industry and energy on the part of the occupants. The Yankees did great damage on Mr. Duval's premises; they sent his negroes to cut down his oats, and gave him a due bill payable at the White House, which he presented in due course, but was only laughed at for his pains. They gutted and desecrated a church in the neighborhood, and conducted themselves in a most arrogant manner.
The Yankees evidently retreated in hot haste along the railroad. The woods and road all the way are almost literally covered with arms, accoutrements, clothing, and commissariat stores, flung about in the greatest confusion.
The engine saved by the above mentioned gentlemen is worth from $10,000 to $15,000, and is of Yankee make. The importance of the preservation of the bridge cannot be over estimated. One hour later and the engine would have gone through; and had not the parties arrived on the ground the whole structure would have been almost entirely destroyed during the night.
The bridge will soon be repaired, and Mr. Dudley and Mr. McFalland have already cleared the track of obstruction, so that the ambulance train can now go out to the bridge.
It is a singular fact, that Mr. Dudley, many months ago, predicted that the York River railroad would be a temptation to the Yankees to come to Richmond by way of York river, and that the swamp would be to many of them their grave.
made for the accommodation of the wounded are as complete as our utmost resources can make them. New hospitals are being fitted up daily. The Government has adopted the plan of sending all the convalescent to the more distant places of accommodation as fast as they can bear removal. By this means room is kept for the reception of fresh patients in the hospitals nearest the different places of entry into the city. The committee charged with the duty of attending to the wounded are laboring diligently; so, indeed, are the citizens generally. The energies of all are taxed to the utmost.
which the valor of our troops have wrested from the abolition invader, despite his attempt to destroy them in his rapid exit, were being hauled to this city yesterday in large quantities. The eyes of our citizens were gladdened with numerous sights at the spoils of victory thus accumulated. The supplies, which are understood to be abundant, come very opportunely. A day or two since a large number of fat beef cattle fell into our hands, and were put to much better use than sustaining the reckless and unprincipled crow who now seek our subjugation and enslavement.
or strange was evolved in the examinations had yesterday at the City Hall before the Head of Police. The case of Henry Meyers and others charged with purloining sundry articles of wearing apparel from John Thompson, was continued. A young female, who had been splurging around with somebody else's finery on, was required to answer for her "poachment" in the said somebody else's wardrobe. The accused, not being able to do so, was dismantled and sent to jail. Sundry two cent cases wound up the programme.
The old adage
of the right thing in the right place was exemplified on yesterday in the appearance here of the two immense omnibuses used between the railroad depots in our sister city of Petersburg. They were in charge of a committee appointed to bring in the wounded from the battle field; and to those who know the character of the people of the Cockade city, it is needless to say they did good service.
We are glad
to perceive that the supplies of country produce are increasing in the markets of this city. The marketmen being released from the restraints imposed by the presence of an insolent foe, are comm freely. The price of various articles has fallen, and will no doubt continue to do so until a reasonable figure is reached, which has not been the case for some time past.
--A fair for the benefit of the sick and wounded soldiers will be held by a number of children to-day, at 11 o'clock, in the house at the corner of Foushees and Cary streets. These patriotic little ones will no doubt be encouraged in the good work they propose for themselves.
The Civil Police
yesterday effected the arrest of Bartlett Scully, for stealing $35 worth of clothing from Dan'l Keller, and of John Murray, for assaulting, while drunk, a wounded soldier on Main street. They will be appropriately used up by the Head of Police this morning.
Adjutant and inspector general's office,
Richmond, July 1, 1862.
General orders, no. 46.--
- II. 4. General Orders, No. 44, current series, in hereby rescinded, and the following paragraph is substituted in lien thereof:
Persons under eighteen and over thirty-five years of age, who have re-enlisted for three years or the war, are not entitled to their discharge under the Conscript Act. Persons of the ages above mentioned, who enlisted for twelve months, or for a shorter term, will be to their discharge ninety days after the expiration of their term of service.
- III. All chaplains taken prisoners of war by the armies of the Confederate States, while in the discharge of their proper duties, will be immediately and unconditionally released.
By command of the Secretary of War.
(Signed,) S. Cooper,
Adjutant and inspector-General.
The enemy Shelling Vicksburg.
the City to be defended to the last-destruction of Confederate gunboats — tax laid on the City of New Orleans, &c.
Jackson, Miss., June 29.
--Passengers from Vicksburg this morning report that yesterday morning seven Federal vessels succeeded in passing up by our batteries. A severe bombardment was commenced, lasting two hours, from the fleet and the batteries on the Louisiana shore. It is understood that several of the enemy's vessels, including the Brooklyn, were badly damaged, with heavy slaughter among their crews. The Confederate loss was nine, including one woman killed. Our batteries are uninjured. The enemy's fire was principally directed at the city. Several houses were shattered. A deserter reports that the enemy's loss was heavy, and that they expected an easy capture.
We learn from Vicksburg that the enemy is slowly bombarding the town from the mortar boats to- day. The telegraph office has been smashed.
Gentlemen from New Orleans say that Butler has issued orders laying a tax of $200,000 on the city.
Jackson, June 30.--The Yazoo correspondent of the Mississippian, writing under date of the 16th instant, says that two of the enemy's gunboats were reconnoitering in Yazoo river, when Com. Pickney burned the Confederate gunboats Van-Dorn, Polk, and Livingston. This action is considered unnecessary and is much deplored here. The loss of property is heavy.
Gen. Van-Dorn has issued an address to the army, declaring that Vicksburg should be defended to the death. The Federal can never occupy Vicksburg. The fleet appears to be too much crippled to engage in a successful tilt with our batteries.
On the 25th of June, by the Rev. Wm. J. Pettigrew, Mr. D. C. McCANN, formerly of Shenandoah county, Va., and Miss Columbia, only daughter of the late John A. Baber, of this city.
In this city, on Tuesday morning, July 1st, 1862, Mrs. Annie E. Wernwag, aged 24 years, wife of Wm. B. Wernwag, of Harper's Ferry, Va.
Her funeral will take place on Wednesday morning, July 2d, at 10 o'clock. Friends and acquaintances are requested to attend.
On the 1st instant, at 7 o'clock A. M. John J. Willis, second son of William and Sarah A. Willia, in the 29th year of his age.
His funeral will take place from Trinity Church this (Wednesday) afternoon, at 4 o'clock, to which the relatives and friends of the bereaved family are respectfully invited.
On the morning of the 1st inst., Mattie, daughter of John T. and Emily J. Sublett, aged ten months.
The friends and acquaintances of the family are invited to attend her funeral this morning at 10 o'clock, from the residence of the family, on 5th, between Clay and Leigh sts.
Yesterday evening, after an illness of six weeks, Emma Eudora, infant daughter of Cain and Hester Aun Jackson, aged one year, one month and twenty three days.
Her remains will be taken to Chesterfield for interment, to day.
In Lynchburg, on Saturday, 14th June, James T. C. youngest sent of Thomas N. and Adeline E. Priddy, aged one year nine months and twenty-seven days.
On the field of battle, on the evening of the 27th ult., in the 20th year of his age, S. Demett Mitchell, son of the late Wm. Mitchell, Jr., of this city.
At the residence of Mrs. Allan, corner of, 5th and Main streets, Lieut. Col. Augustus M. Smith, 1st South Carolina regiment, from a wound received in the battle near Richmond on the 27th June, 1862.
Died, on the 30th ult., at the residence of Dr. H. Loften, of wounds received in the battle of the 28th ult., Captain Randle Blewett, of Company C. Second Battalion Mississippi Volunteers, aged 32 years.
In the opening of the war he volunteered his services as a private, and was stationed at Pensacola, Florida. For his gallantry at that point he was promoted to an Aid to Gen. Bragg. Being released, by his request, from this position, he returned home and raised his present company. In every engagement he acquitted himself with honor. He fell mortally wounded while leading his company in a charge. Thus has passed from our midst a truce and brave soldier. All the medical aid possible was administered for his relief, kind friends stood by his side day and night, administering to his every want; but the messenger of death claimed him as his victim. By his death his father has lost a dutiful son, his company a brave and noble Captain. Rest, noble leader, your last battle is fought; sleep on in peace. The few of us who are left will still prove ourselves worthy the name of "Blewetts." Requiescut in pace. J. H. Preston,
C. S. Co. C, 2d Miss. Battalion.
Columbus (Miss) papers please copy.
--The friends and freres d'armee of Lieut. Victor Menot, of the Louisiana Zouaves Battalion, who died of the wounds he received at the battle of Chickahominy on Friday, 27th June, 1862, are respectfully requested to attend his funeral on Wednesday, July 2d, 1862. at 9 o'clock A. M., from the residence of Mr. Wallace, corner of 3d and Byrd sts.
Funeral Notice.--The funeral of Lieut. Waller R. Abbott, who was killed on the battle field on Monday evening, 30th June, will take place from the residence of Alexander Duval, this morning at 9 o'clock. The friends of the family are requested to attend.
Catch the Runaway.--$20 reward.
--Ranaway from my farm on the Brook Turnpike four miles from Richmond, on yesterday morning, my man Matthew. He is about 5 feet 8 inches high; rather thick set; has a brown skin; is some what hollow jawed; about 40 years of age, has a dull, sleepy look out of his eyes; had on blue cotton pantaloons, brown round jacket, and an old wool hat. He was raised in King George county, and may try to cross our line in that direction. Pickets, officers and citizens are hereby requested to arrest him. Achilles D. Johnson.
--From the undersigned, on Monday, the 23d day of June, 1862, a Negro Boy, named Albert. Said Albert is about 13 years of age, nearly 5 feet 3 or 4 inches high, very black, and lisps when talking. No marks upon his person remembered. He is supposed to be employed in some of the camps near the city. I will give a reward of $10 for the apprehension of said boy and his delivery to me at my residence, corner of Main and Foushee sts.
jy 2--6t* John D. Quarles.
Five Dollars reward.
--Ranaway from my house, my House Servant Peter — a smart and active boy, about 17 years of age, accustomed to the house. He may have hired himself out as a Weitman. His front teeth are defective, Had on when he left a blue soldier's shirt, with breast jacket. Complexion a dark brown, with hair closely trimmed. He may be lurking about some of the camps.
Wm. Archer Cocke.
jy 1--4t* Leigh st., bet, 2d and 3d.
--From the 13th section of the Richmond and Danville Railroad a Negro Boy, named John, belonging to Charles Thornton, of Caroline county. He is of a gingerbread color, about 5 feet 10 inches in height, knock kneed, and wears a truss. He was barefooted when he fell. The legal reward will be paid for his return at the office of the company at Richmond, or at any station on the road. je 30--6t
Twenty Dollars reward
--For my woman Virginia, commonly calls herself Joulnic She left my house on the morning of the 6th instant, was seen in Richmond soon after, and had been seen several times since on Cary street, between 17th and 18th. She is of medium size, quite dark, thick, bushy hair, drawls her words, has a black mark on one check, is about 30 years old.
Any information that may lead to her recovery will be liberally rewarded, or the above reward will be paid for her delivery. H. G. Archer.
Manchester, June 28, 1862 je 28--4t*
--Ranaway from Oakwood Cemetery, June 26th, a colored woman named Tempy, about 5 feet high, gingerbread color, has two front teeth out. She has a husband in Goochland. I will give the above reward if she is returned to my place, or put in jail, so that I can get her. John Redford,
je 28--3t* Oakwood Cemetery.
--Runaway, our negro man, Claiborne, who has served in our office for 8 or 9 years. He is a very dark mulatto, small size, about 35 years old. He has some decayed teeth in front, and usually smiles when spoken to, and wears a small goatee and moustache. He wore off a brown roundabout and soft black hat. He was lurking about the city for two weeks and may be still, though he may have taken a situation as cook for some one in the army. We will pay $20 for his delivery to us, or confinement in jail, so that we get him. Maddux & Co.,
je 21--6t* Cary street, 3 doors below 13th.
One hundred Dollars reward.
--Ranaway, from the American Hotel, on Monday, the 9th inst., my negro boy William, who calls himself William May. Said boy is about 20 years old; five feet ten inches in height; of a bright ginger bread color; very pleasant address, and neat appearance. He was raised on the estate of the late Wm. G. Overtou of Hanover, and may be endeavoring to escape to the enemy in that vicinity. I will give the above reward for his apprehension and delivery to me in Petersburg or $75 if delivered to Messrs. J. L. Carrington &Ca, American Hotel, Richmond, Va.
je 25--6t Edmund G. James.
Whig, Examiner and Enquirer copy three times.
Posted By: Joe Elia